The English language has many words that sound similar, or are spelled the same, but have different meanings. Some are close to sounding right, but they may be the wrong one. Some are just a problem to spell correctly.
Here are some that many people get mixed up or misuse.
You may be rapt in thought (engrossed, or enRAPTured by an idea), but a gift is wrapped.
You can pretty much forget about wrack. It’s an old leftover from wreck. You may see it used in the expression wrack and ruin, but for everything else, use rack. You can rack your brain to figure out why that is.
A stream can be limpid (clear and calm), but that does not mean it is limp or listless.
Languid, on the other hand, is used to mean limp and listless.
4. kindergarten (NOT kindergarden).
It comes from the German words for children (Kinder) and garden (Garten). A child going to kindergarten is called a kindergartner.
The side of the door frame is a jamb. It comes from the French word jambe, for leg.
A sweet spread for toast is jam.
Forego means to precede (to come before). Forgo means to do without something.
Many people use these words together without knowing that flora refers to plants while fauna refers to animals.
Florescent means to be in flower, while fluorescent means radiating light.
Better is an improvement, while bettor is one who places a bet.
She took off her bandanna to eat her banana.